2018-2019 Biology Final Study Guide


Biology Semester 2 Final Study Guide
Chapters 14, 22-25, 35, 37, 19, 40
Students will take the final in class May 23.
*Review the vocabulary and the key concepts (both in bold letters) throughout the text.
**Go over the multiple choice exercises at the end of each chapter.
Concepts you should review:
-        Human chromosomes
-        Pedigree charts
-        Sex-linked genes, colorblindness
-        The Human Genome Project, gene therapy
-        Monocots, dicots
-        Gymnosperms, angiosperms
-        Vascular tissue, xylem, phloem
-        Structure of a leaf
-        Structure and growth of a stem
-        Movement of water in a plant
-        Structure of a flower
-        Pollination
-        Fruit
-        Dormancy, germination
-        Different hormones in plants and their effects
-        Plant tropisms
-        Homeostasis
-        Neurons, nerve impulse, synapse
-        The central nervous system, brain, spinal cord, reflex
-        Structure of the heart
-        Blood vessels
-        The respiratory system, gas exchange, breathing
-        Identifying prokaryotes
-        Growth and reproduction of bacteria
-        Virus structures
-        Viral infection
-        Retroviruses
-        Function of the immune system
-        Nonspecific defenses
-        Specific defenses

End of Review

2018-2019 BIology Semester 1 Study Guide


Biology Semester 1 Final Study Guide Ch 1-13
*Review the vocabulary and the key concepts (both in bold letters) throughout the text.
**Go over the multiple choice exercises at the end of each chapter.
Concepts you should review:
-        Thinking like a scientist
-        Setting up a controlled experiment
-        How a theory develops
-        The water molecule
-        Macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins)
-        “Macromolecules Lab”
-        Enzymes
-        Levels of organization in an ecosystem
-        Feeding relationships
-        Ecological pyramids
-        Cycles of matter
-        The greenhouse effect
-        Community Interactions
-        “Predator Prey Lab”
-        “M & M Lab”
-        Carrying capacity
-        Density-dependent and density-independent limiting factors
-        Classifying resources
-        The value of biodiversity
-        Introduced species
-        What does CER stand for?
-        Eukaryotic cell structure (organelles and their functions)
-        Osmosis, The effects of osmosis on cells, Osmotic pressure
-        The photosynthesis equation, Light and pigments
-        The Calvin cycle
-        Cellular respiration, Glycolysis, Fermentation
-        Mitosis (4 phases)
-        Cell cycle regulators
-        Gregor Mendel’s peas
-        Punette square
-        Meiosis
-        Griffith and transformation
-        DNA and chromosomes
-        The structure of RNA, Types of RNA
-        Transcription, Translation
-        Mutations
-        Selective breeding
-        Manipulating DNA, genetic engineering
-        Transforming bacteria

END OF REVIEW